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Medical comes from the word medicine which means the practice or study of medicine. Medicine consists of the study and research of how to cure diseases in human and animals. Bandages, gloves, scalpels, scissors, injections and other equipment is used in treating illnesses. This equipment is not supposed to be used on more than one patient, therefore, it is thrown away after use. They give rise to medicine waste. In order to prevent the spreading of infections, medicine waste must be thrown away carefully. Some medicine waste can be treated. Some institutions called medical waste disposal companies provide medicine waste disposal services. Below are methods of treating and throwing away medicine waste.
Use of chemical is the first medicine waste treatment method. Chemical treatment involves the mixing of certain liquids or solid chemicals with the medicine waste so as to disinfect medical waste. Calcium oxide and chlorine are the common chemicals in medicine waste treatment. The treatment process may also produce harmful gases hence a person should be in protective gear and be keen when carrying out the treatment process. Use of chemical to treat medicine waste is an on-site process since the waste is treated in areas within the health facilities.
Burying or land disposal is the second method of disposing of medicine waste. Treated and decontaminated medical waste is normally buried in the ground or disposed on land where burning can be done later. Land disposal is an efficient way of disposing of medicine waste which has no other method of disposal. Sanitary landfill is used to prevent contamination of water and soil in cases where decontamination of medicine waste is impossible. Injection wells are used in disposing of risky liquid medicine waste. This medicine waste is disposed of in bounded areas which are only accessible to allowed personnel.
The third method of medicine waste treatment is autoclaving. This involves the heating and steaming medicine waste equipment at high temperatures so as to kill all the diseases causing microorganisms. A special furnace is used in subjecting the medicine waste to high temperatures. There are different sizes of autoclaving equipment and one should purchase the one that best suits him.
Subjecting medicine waste to radiation is also used in treating medicine waste. Gamma rays which have very high frequencies are subjected to medicine waste to kill bacteria.
Microwave treatment is the other method of treating medicine waste. The process of microwave treatment is like the irradiation process but microwaves are subjected to moist medicine waste. Water can be added to dry medicine waste before being put in the microwaves.
These are the most common processes of medicine waste treatment and disposal.